With the help of the Impact Institute, Fairtrade International wanted to gain more insight into the environmental and social externalities of banana production in order to define priority areas for improvements and evaluate the impact of their own projects.
We conducted a global study examining the externalities of certified and conventional banana production in four countries: Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Peru. Trusted local contacts collected data on both social and environmental impacts, including underpayment, harassment, climate, land use, pollution and many other impact areas. The results were broken down per country, between smallholders and plantations, and based on certification status. Additionally, the living wage gap difference was calculated for hired workers, and living income gap for smallholders.